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地球村部公益微课堂(76~80)

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  • 2019-10-18 13:53:34

地球村部公益微课堂(76~80

76. I long to ride the wind and return;yet fear ________marble towers and jade houses(琼楼玉宇), so high, are over-cold.  

译成中文:___________________________________________________________

Key:that。that作为从属连词,引导名词性从句,不作任何成分,只起引导作用。例如:Sushi believed that writing should resemble floating clouds andflowing water, “going wherever it wants and stoppingwhenever it is right to stop.” 苏轼认为作文应如行云流水,行于所当行,止于所不可不止。(宾语从句)

The trouble with our times is that thefuture is not what it used to be. 我们这个时代的麻烦在于未来与过去想象的大相径庭。(表语从句)

That her hair was turning grey worriedher a bit.她的头发渐渐变白了这让她有点担心。(主语从句)

The news that our team had won wasexciting.我们队赢了的消息让人振奋。(同位语从句)

译文:我欲乘风归去,又恐琼楼玉宇,高处不胜寒。苏轼  

77. All is equal before the law.

此句有一处错误,请改正。

译成中文:___________________________________________________________

Key:are。主语和谓语之间在“人称”和“数”的方面保持一致关系的叫主谓一致。不定代词‘all’作主语,依据句意判断单复数。泛指一切的时候,谓语使用第三人称单数。例如:All goes well.一切顺利。All is quiet andstill. 万籁俱寂

Lonely sail distant shadow, vanish inblue emptiness; All I see is the great river flowing into the farhorizon. 孤帆远影碧空尽,唯见长江天际流。

指所有人或可数的物时,谓语动词使用复数形式。例如:Allaround Chu are mountains. The ranges toward the southwest areparticularly lovely with their woods and ravines. 环滁皆山也。其西南诸峰,林壑犹美。欧阳修

All are not merry that dancelightly. 翩跹起舞者,未必都欢乐。

All writings under heaven are nothingbut copyings. 天下文章一大抄。

All good things come to an end.天下没有不散的宴席。

All crows under the sun are black-evilpeople are bad all over the world. 天下乌鸦一般黑。

All are past and gone! For truly greatmen look to this age.俱往矣,数风流人物,还看今朝。——毛泽东

译文:法律面前人人平等。

78. ____________pictures and texts areexcellent.

译成中文:___________________________________________________________

Key:Both 。all、both都可以用于人和物,all通常指“两个以上的全部”,both指“两个的全部。”在句中可作主语、宾语、同位语和定语。不定代词either指“两者之中任何一个”,neither指“两者之中任何一个都不”,都可以表示人和物。它们能单独使用,也能与of短语连用,在句中可作主语、宾语。all作主语,谓语依句意判断单复数。Both作主语,谓语用复数。either、neither作主语,一般用单数。例如: Both sides suffer;neither side gains.两败俱伤 Gain advantage from both sides. 左右逢源

Either the fish dies or the net getstorn.鱼死网破

译文:图文并茂

79.All work and no play __________(make) Jack adull(乏味的;沉闷的;灰暗的) boy. All play and no work___________(make) Jack a mere(仅仅的;只不过) boy.

译成中文:___________________________________________________________

Key:makes; makes。并列结构在意义上指同一人、事物或概念时,可将作主语的并列结构看成一个整体,谓语动词用单数。例如:Too much plotting and scheming is the cause of her own undoing.机关算尽太聪明,反误了卿卿性命。《红楼梦》

Tolove and to be loved is the greatest happiness of existence-Sydney Smith爱人和得到人爱是人生最大的幸福。

当and连接的单数主语前有each/every/no等词时,谓语动词用单数。例如:Every girl andevery boy is supposed to respect the old.每个女孩和男孩都应该尊重老人。

Every bush and tree looks like an enemysoldier. 草木皆兵

译文:只工作不玩耍,聪明孩子要变傻。尽玩耍不学习,聪明孩子没出息。

80.Business(生意;业务;职责;事业) makes a man as well as__________(try尝试;考验)him.

译成中文:___________________________________________________________

Key:tries。as well as此处意思是“除…之外;还;也”,此句连接两个并列谓语。主语是单数,所以用三单。当主语后出现了but、besides、except、like、 in addition to 、with、together with、aswell as、more than 、along with 等连接的名词或代词时谓语动词的单复数视主语的单复数而定。Peter, as well as his two sisters is left-handed.皮特和他两个姐姐一样是左撇子。

其他情况:

Let those who know teach. 能者为师(定语从句主谓一致依据先行词判断单复数。如who 前面先行词是those,所以定语从句谓语动词know用复数形式。)

Not a crow or sparrow is heard-all isquiet, 鸦雀无声(or引导的主语根据就近原则判断单复数。)

Time and tide wait for no man. 时不我待(and引导两个或两个以上的主语,一般情况谓语用复数。)

To investigate things is toattain. 格物致知(动词不定式、动名词或主语从句作主语,谓语一般用单数。)

Tobelieve everything in books is worse than to have no books at all. 尽信书不如无书。

表示百分比或分数的短语作主语,谓语动词的单复数形式取决于of短语中名词的单复数。如:Nine tenths of educationis encouragement.教育的十分之九在于鼓励。

译文:事业既考验人,也造就人。


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